You should perform a skin analysis prior to treatment. You will need to look, touch, and question the client in order to establish a thorough diagnosis of the clients’ skin needs. There is also a variety of tools and equipment that will assist you in skin analysis such as a magnifying lamp, moisture detector and skin cameras.

Use your magnifying light to look at the skin for characteristics and conditions to help you decide what your clients skin type is. You should also look for areas that are showing signs of ageing.

Use your fingers to touch the client’s skin and feel the texture or the skin, elasticity, skin tone, muscle tone and sebaceous secretions.

Ask your client about their daily skin care routine, the type of products that they currently use and what problems or concerns they have about their skin. It is also important to see what the client is trying to achieve from their visit to you. Are their expectations realistic?

Some questions you may wish to ask:

When was your last facial treatment?
What are your main concerns about your skin?
What are you looking to achieve from the facial?
Do you find your skin particularly oily or dry?
How much water do you consume?
Do you smoke or drink alcohol?
When examining the face and neck it is especially important to consider the following points:
Look for minor skin problems that can be given specific treatment for improvement
Consider the clients age, lifestyle, nutritional intake and general health as this will be reflected in the colour and texture of the skin, muscle tone, elasticity, the number of wrinkles present and skin discoloration.
You can examine the skin, carry out questioning, visual examination and manual examination.

Skin is affected by:
⦁ Age
⦁ Hormones
⦁ Weather
⦁ Central heating
⦁ Wrong products used
⦁ Prolonged illness
⦁ Medication or drugs
⦁ Poor nutrition
⦁ Smoking and alcohol intake
⦁ Allergies
⦁ Stress
⦁ Genetic inheritance
⦁ Ethnicity